FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Having an IUS fitted can be uncomfortable, but you can have a local anesthetic to help. Discuss this with a GP or nurse beforehand. You may also get period-type cramps afterwards, but painkillers can ease the cramps. Once an IUS is fitted, it'll need to be checked by a GP after 3 to 6 weeks to make sure everything is fine.1
IUS vs IUD
An IUD is a small T-shaped plastic and copper device that's put into your womb (uterus) by a doctor or nurse. It releases copper to stop you getting pregnant, and protects against pregnancy for between 5 and 10 years. It's sometimes called a "coil" or "copper coil".3
An IUS is a small, T-shaped plastic device that's put into your womb (uterus) by a doctor or nurse. It releases the hormone progestogen to stop you getting pregnant and lasts for 5 years, depending on the brand.1 Talk to your doctor or healthcare provider to find out which birth control option is more appropriate for you.
Hormonal IUDs (IUS) may cause frequent spotting, more days of bleeding, and heavier bleeding in the first months of use. Over time, the amount of menstrual bleeding and the length of your menstrual period usually decreases. Menstrual pain also usually decreases. For some women using a hormonal IUD, menstrual bleeding stops completely.4
Your periods can become lighter, shorter and less painful – they may stop completely after the first year of use.1
An IUS can be left in place for up to five years depending in the type. After this time, it will need to be replaced with a new device.1
It was found that there are no significant differences in weight change between users of the LNG-IUS when compared to copper IUD users. Also, little evidence of weight gain was found when using progestin-only contraceptives. Mean gain was less than 2 kg for up to 12 months.5
Six studies examined hormonal contraceptive method use among women with depressive or bipolar disorders, none of which found that hormonal contraceptives negatively influenced either life condition.6
1. the National Health Service (NHS). Intrauterine system (IUS). Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception/ius-intrauterine-system/ . accessed 18 Jun 2020.
2. Queens Land Health. 9 types of contraception you can use to prevent pregnancy. Available at: https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-events/news/types-contraceptionwomen-condoms-pill-iud-ring-implant-injection-diaphragm. Last accessed 18 Jun 2020.
3. the National Health Service (NHS). Intrauterine device (IUD). Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception/iud-coil/ . accessed 18 Jun 2020. (3)
4. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Long-Acting Reversible Contraception: Intrauterine Device and Implant. Available at: https://www.acog.org/patient-resources/faqs/contraception/long-acting-reversiblecontraception-intrauterine-device-andimplant#:~:text=The%20intrauterine%20device%20(IUD)%20and,and%20are%20easy %20to%20use. accessed 18 Jun 2020. (4)
5. Vickery Z, Madden T, Zhao Q, Secura GM, Allsworth JE, Peipert JF. Weight change at 12 months in users of three progestin-only contraceptive methods. Contraception. 2013 Oct 1;88(4):503-8.
6. Keyes KM, Cheslack-Postava K, Westhoff C, Heim CM, Haloossim M, Walsh K, Koenen K. Association of hormonal contraceptive use with reduced levels of depressive symptoms: a national study of sexually active women in the United States. American journal of epidemiology. 2013 Nov 1;178(9):1378-88.